0. About the course
- Who's in the class ?
- How will the course be run:
- presentations, analyses; sign up sheet
- grades: the above plus a term paper on one of the topics discussed
- Any music conveys a world view; even if not intended by the author
- Brun's self-appointed morons
- The system/language reflects a world view
- Marshall McLuhan : the media is the message
- Entertainment vs. reflection/intellectual pursuit
- Xenakis:" expressing human intelligence through sounds"
- the composer as a thinker
- Innovators and plagiators; Experimental vs. conservative
- The need for originality
- Soul searching can not be done by mimicking others
- Craftsmanship. Style and Idea, Form and content
- False antinomy
- The rhetoric as a necessary evil
- The religious ritual as an example of attracting uneducated
people to abstract thought.
- The role of personality; how that changed through centuries in the
- anonymous artists vs showmanship
- Oscillating between Structure - Indeterminacy. Complexity as a factor.
2. Template for discussion.
- WHAT frame of mind world view
- WHO composer/author personality
- HOW tools system/craft
- WHICH product analysis of music
- TO WHOM usage intended audience
3. Franz Liszt
- virtuoso; the Pagannini example; showmanship - paying ladies to
faint and to fight over his belongings.
- Chopin and other virtuosi; Op. 106 performed for Berlioz vs.
his usual performances.
- love life: rebel/unconventional - the countess D'Agoult; Cosima
sent to a monastery for education. Wagner's father in law. The
movie Impromptu; other unconventional characters:
- more lovers: Marie Duplessis (La dame aux camellias),
Marguerite Gauthier, Maria Pawlwna, grand duchess of Saxony,
Princess Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein (left husband and 30,000
serfs, cigar smoking, met in Kiev).
- romantic "pilgrimages".
- Italy/Renaissance and Switzerland as attractors; Lord Byron.
- Petrarca Sonnet 104 - analysis
- Jeux d'eau a villa d'Este
- Third relationships, modality, parallel motion as ways to surpass
tonality - the powerful, acknowledged system.
- TO WHOM
- salons; wealthy aristocrats and Parisian bourgeoisie. Berlioz.
two kind of audiences.
- tonal hierarchy falling apart; emotion as a way of rebelling
against an ossified structure; the example of Beethoven. Visionary ?
- the "square", accepted worlds (rational, hierarchical, causal)
defeated through ambiguity = complexity.
4. Some significant trends in 19th. and 20th. centuries.
Symbolism Late Romanticism
Aleatorism Chance Music
Pop Art/Dada revival
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