Due: April 16, 2008
- Consider yourself the leader of a small (3-8) group of performers
dedicated exclusively to music written after 1950. Choose from John
Cage's book Notations (on reserve) or from the
School of Music library a "graphic" score (i.e. a score that looks
more like a drawing and uses little or NO traditional notation --
e.g. Sydney Wallace Stegall Dappled Fields, Carl
Fernbach-Flarsheim's untitled piece, or A. Logothetis
Ichnologia, all reproduced in Notations).
Describe how you would perform it, what would each member of the
ensemble play and do during the piece. Attach a copy of the score.
Do not forget to mention: how long the performance should last, what
instrumentations will be used, and how would you read the score.
JUSTIFY ALL YOUR DECISIONS. Explain
- WHYyou interpret the symbols on the page the way you
- WHYyou read the score the way you do
- WHYyou follow a certain path through the score instead
In addition to the information provided by Cage's book, here are some
other composers who wrote scores in non-traditional notation:
You can find out more by consulting:
- Sylvano Bussotti
- Mauricio Kagel
- Robert Moran
- Phil Winsor
- Kenneth Gaburo
- Yehuda Yannay
- Source Magazine of the Avantgarde
- Al Blatter - Intrsumentation (examples of new
notation and extended techniques for each instrument)
- E. Karkoschka - Das Schriftbild der Neuen Musik
- H. A. Rissatti - New Music Vocabulary
- David Cope - New Directions in Music
Each student should choose a different score. If two or more are working on
the same score, their interpretation and performance instructions should
be significantly different. No assignments that "share" ideas - only
individual, original work will be considered.
The attached pdf file contains three examples of graphic scores. They can
be used but all descriptions/interpretations of them should be obviously
different: different ensembles, different ways of reading the scores, etc.
Similar solutions will receive 0 points.
- Based on the scores presented in class or available on reserve, draw
a notation symbol for each of the following instrumental or vocal
- Strings: strike a string with the fingetip between
bridge and the tailpiece.
- Woodwinds: woodwind "pizzicato" - attack a note and
imediately stop the air with the tip of the tongue
- Voice: mouth click
- Brass: play a long sound while humming a glissando
between two other different sounds.
- Percussion: strike around the edge of the instrument
then move in a very slow circular motion